The variation and sophistication of cyber threats is directly proportional to the rapid growth and penetration of the internet. What we are witnessing today is just the tip of iceberg given the exponential growth of Social Media and the ‘Internet of Things’ (IOT).

The broader category of cyber threats, i.e. cybercrime, Hacktivism, cyber wars and cyber espionage are all on the rise. For cybercrime, the year 2016 is predicted to be dominated by ransomeware, followed closely by Financial Frauds and Advance Fee Frauds. Hacktivism and cyber espionage will heavily leverage APT techniques, whereas (1) malvertised apps, (2) jail-breaking of cloud applications, (3) doxing, (4) ghostware and (5) sextortion will be a part of everyday hacking news. It is also expected that more newly-coined terminologies will represent presently unknown attack techniques and campaigns.

Commentary of the cyber threat landscape is altogether incomplete without the mention of the Deep Web, Dark Net, Tor and Bitcoins. The explosion of the Tor user community and enhancement in ease of usage is facilitating entry of new threat actors, whereas bitcoins has become the currency of choice for cyber criminals; the Deep Web and Dark Nets also remain under-the-surface and an ever-growing incubator of cyber threats – both remain rich cultivating grounds for the next big cybersecurity incident.